Periodontal Disease is a disease consequence of poor oral health, drug consumption, and diet practices. This is a serious disease that may lead to tooth loss.
Periodontal disease is a progressed form of Gingivitis. It starts with a buildup of bacteria and plaque within the gums and teeth. Over time, plaque becomes tartar and calcifies around the teeth. Without professional intervention and good oral hygiene, the gum becomes loose and falls away from the teeth and supporting tissues. Pockets form between the teeth and gums; creating a breeding ground for bacteria and further infection.
Receding gums may be caused by a number of factors including:
- Aggressive tooth brushing
- Absence of tooth brushing and flossing
- Hardened plaque buildup (tartar)
- Drug consumption
- Poor nutrition
- Hormonal changes (women)
- HIV disease
- Decreased saliva
According to the California Dental Association, receding gums are most common in adults 40 years and older. For this reason, it is often misconceived as a normal sign of aging. Also more men than women develop receding gums.
Symptoms of receding gums
Some symptoms of receding gums my include:
- Bleeding gums after brushing or flossing
- Red, swollen gums
- Bad breath
- Pain at the gum line
- Visible shrinking gums
- Exposed tooth roots
- Loose teeth
Receding gums and other forms of periodontal disease are diagnosed by your dentist. A physical examination can indicate the problems. A probe (small instrument with measuring gauges) may also be used to measure gum pockets; this is a painless procedure that is routine in your periodic cleaning and checkup visits.
According to the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, normal pocket sizes range between 1 to 3 millimeters. Anything larger or deeper is a sign of gum disease.
Gum Disease is treated at Wilshire Smile Studio by our Periodontist, Dr. Baruch Twersky