This non-surgical procedure involves scraping away of tartar and plaque from above and below the jawline (scaling), as well as smoothing of the rough spots of the roots of teeth (planing).
All these are done with local anesthetic. The importance of the smoothing is to remove bacteria and enhance the reattachment of the gum to the teeth.
SURGICAL PERIODONTAL (GUM) TREATMENTS
To effectively treat some gum diseases, a surgical procedure might be necessary. Such may include:
– BONE GRAFTS DONE BY A PERIODONTIST (GUM SPECIALIST)
In this procedure, the main idea is to restore the part of the jawbone destroyed by gum disease. This can be done using synthetic bone, your own, or bone that has been donated. This is essential in strengthening the jaw so that it can be sufficient for its tasks like eating.
– FLAP SURGERY BY A PERIODONTIST
There are similarities between this procedure and the non-surgical treatment – scaling and root planing. The Periodontist will remove the spaces between the jaw and the tooth to avert any possibility of bacteria building up. As such, it is commonly known as pocket reduction surgery.